About PLSC

Defining performance standards for the next generation of surgeons

Procedural Learning and Safety Collaborative (PLSC) is a non-profit research consortium focused on investigating and developing tools, curriculum, and policy to improve the training of surgical and other procedural physicians.  The collaborative was founded by experts in surgical trainee performance assessment with the initial support of Massachusetts General Hospital, Northwestern University, and Indiana University.  Since initiating the SIMPL trial in July 2015, the consortium has grown substantially and currently includes 53 training programs at 39 institutions across the United States. We are funded by our institutional members and grants.  Our passion is to investigate and combine innovative curricula, best-practice evaluation methodology, and state-of-the-art technology to improve the training of residents in Surgery and other procedural specialties.

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Recent Publications

Relationship of procedural numbers with meaningful procedural autonomy in general surgery residents

Herbert P. Stride, Brian C. George, Reed G. Williams, Jordan D. Bohnen, Megan J. Eaton, Mary C. Schuller, Lihui Zhao, Amy Yang, Shari L. Meyerson, Rebecca Scully, Gary L. Dunnington, Laura Torbeck, John T. Mullen, Samuel P. Mandell, Michael Choti, Eugene Foley, Chandrakanth Are, Edward Auyang, Jeffrey Chipman, Jennifer Choi, Andreas Meier, Douglas Smink, Kyla P. Terhune, Paul Wise, Debra DaRosa, Nathaniel Soper, Jay B. Zwischenberger, Keith Lillemoe, Jonathan P. Fryer

Uniting Evidence-Based Evaluation with the ACGME Plastic Surgery Milestones: A Simple and Reliable Assessment of Resident Operative Performance.

Kobraei EM, Bohnen JD, George BC, Mullen JT, Lillemoe KD, Austen WG Jr, Liao EC. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2016 Aug;138(2):349e-57e. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000002411.

Training cardiac surgeons: the Indiana University experience.

Brown, JW Cardiol Young. 2016 Dec;26(8):1484-1490. doi: 10.1017/S1047951116002420.

Evaluation of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Residents' Operative Skills: Feasibility and Engagement Study Using SIMPL Software for a Mobile Phone.

Kaban LB, Cappetta A, George BC, Lahey ET, Bohnen JD, Troulis MJ. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2017 Oct;75(10):2041-2047. doi: 10.1016/j.joms.2017.05.036. Epub 2017 Jun 8.

How Many Observations are Needed to Assess a Surgical Trainee's State of Operative Competency?

Williams RG, Swanson DB, Fryer JP, Meyerson SL, Bohnen JD, Dunnington GL, Scully RE, Schuller MC, George BC. Ann Surg. 2019 Feb;269(2):377-382. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000002554.

Founding Members

Member Institutions