About PLSC

Defining performance standards for the next generation of surgeons

Procedural Learning and Safety Collaborative (PLSC) is a non-profit educational quality improvement consortium focused on investigating and developing tools, curriculum, and policy to improve the training of surgical and other procedural physicians.  The collaborative was founded by experts in surgical trainee performance assessment with the initial support of Massachusetts General Hospital, Northwestern University, and Indiana University.  Since initiating the SIMPL trial in July 2015, the consortium has grown substantially and currently includes 82 training programs at 56 institutions across the United States. We are funded by our institutional members and grants.  Our passion is to investigate and combine innovative curricula, best-practice evaluation methodology, and state-of-the-art technology to improve the training of residents in Surgery and other procedural specialties.

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Recent Publications

Number of Operative Performance Ratings Needed to Reliably Assess the Difficulty of Surgical Procedures

Kenneth L. Abbott MS, Xilin Chen MPHMichael Clark PhDNikki L. Bibler Zaidi PhDDavid B. Swanson PhD, Brian C. George MD, MAEd, Journal of Surgical Education, Vol 76 issue 6, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsurg.2019.07.008

Assessment of Operative Autonomy and Readiness for Independent Practice Among Pediatric Surgery Fellows

Zendejas B, Lillehei CW, George BC, Modi BP, J Pediatr Surg. 2020 Jan;55(1):117-121. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2019.09.061. 

Utilizing a Mobile Application for Evaluation of Procedural Learning in Neurosurgery

Sravanthi Koduri, MDDavid B. Altshuler, MD, MSSiri Sahib S. Khalsa, MDCormac O. Maher, MDGreg Wnuk, MHSADoris Tong MD, MSc, FRCPCBrian C. George, MD, MANicholas Szerlip, MD

Relationship of procedural numbers with meaningful procedural autonomy in general surgery residents

Herbert P. Stride, Brian C. George, Reed G. Williams, Jordan D. Bohnen, Megan J. Eaton, Mary C. Schuller, Lihui Zhao, Amy Yang, Shari L. Meyerson, Rebecca Scully, Gary L. Dunnington, Laura Torbeck, John T. Mullen, Samuel P. Mandell, Michael Choti, Eugene Foley, Chandrakanth Are, Edward Auyang, Jeffrey Chipman, Jennifer Choi, Andreas Meier, Douglas Smink, Kyla P. Terhune, Paul Wise, Debra DaRosa, Nathaniel Soper, Jay B. Zwischenberger, Keith Lillemoe, Jonathan P. Fryer

Uniting Evidence-Based Evaluation with the ACGME Plastic Surgery Milestones: A Simple and Reliable Assessment of Resident Operative Performance.

Kobraei EM, Bohnen JD, George BC, Mullen JT, Lillemoe KD, Austen WG Jr, Liao EC. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2016 Aug;138(2):349e-57e. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000002411.

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Member Institutions